The Blessed Bread: Specially baked bread decorated with calligraphy. Naan-o Paneer-o Sabzi": Bread, feta cheese, and herbs placed on the spread to symbolize sustenance, and traditionally served to guests after the ceremony.
Prayer Rug: A prayer rug (Jaa-ye Namaaz) or a traditional Iranian Termeh is placed in the center of the wedding spread. The prayer carpet also includes a small cube of clay with prayers written on it (Mohr) and a rosary (Tasbih). Non-Muslim families may or may not omit the prayer kit.
The Sacred Text: The Avesta, Bible, Qur’an or Torah is placed in front of the couple on the spread. Some families also add a book of poetry such as Rumi, Hafez, or the Shahnameh.
Esphand: The esphand and frankincense are sprinkled on a brazier holding hot coals producing a smoke to ward off any negative energies in the air.
Honey: A symbol of sweetness. Immediately after the couple is married, they each dip a pinky finger in the cup of honey and feed it to one another.
Shakh-e-Nabat: A bowl made out of rock candy.
The seven herbs: Khashkhash (poppy seeds), Berenj (rice), Sabzi khoshk (Angelica), Namak (Salt), Raziyane (Nigella seeds), Cha’I ( black tea leaves) and Kondor ( Frankincense).
Persian Rose Water: A cup of rose water and a rose extracted from the Gol-e-Mohammadi.
The Seven Pastries: Noghl, Baklava, Toot (Persian marzipan), Naan-e Bereneji (rice cookies), Naan-e Badami (almond cookies), Naan-Nokhodchi (chickpea cookie) and Sohan Asali (saffron almond brittle) are placed on the spread and traditionally served to the guests after the ceremony.
Unity Cloth: A scarf or shawl made out of a fine fabric is held over the couple’s head (who are sitting by the Sofreh) by female friends or relatives.
Seven Pastries: Noghl, Baklava, Toot (Persian marzipan), Naan-e Bereneji (rice cookies), Naan-e Badami (almond cookies), Naan-Nokhodchi (chickpea cookie) and Sohan Asali (saffron almond brittle) are placed on the spread and traditionally served to the guests after the ceremony.
Needle & Thread: With a needle threaded with two threads, representing bride and groom, a few stitches are sewn into the unity cloth to symbolize the binding of their destinies.
Decorated eggs: Symbols of fertility.
Decorated nuts: Almonds, walnuts and hazelnuts in the shell to symbolize fertility.